Array 🐮Land, 🐦Air, 🐙Water 🔖 Matching Activity | Montessori From The Heart
Adrian 3 years GEOGRAPHY 🌎 ZOOLOGY 🐘 🐠 🕊️🐞 🐢

🐮Land, 🐦Air, 🐙Water 🔖 Matching Activity

In a Montessori education, there is usually an introductory geography lesson focused on land, air, and water. Today, we are exploring animals' natural habitat through a matching activity, by sorting animals according to where they live: either on land, water, or air.

To introduce this lesson, I have put together a tray with the following materials:

  • a sandpaper globe to differentiate primarily land vs water (read a post here);
  • three glass containers with lids: I put some dirt/planting soil in one, some water with blue food coloring in the other, and the third one I left empty;
  • sorting and labeling cards (download for your personal use here).

I explained to Adrian that the Earth is made up of land, water, and air. I then offered Adrian to match the labels "land, water, and air" to the glass containers, and then match the animals to their respective habitats.

DSC_0018The red control chart is called "control-of-error" and it offers a child an opportunity to double-check the work once completed.

DSC_0018"This is what our Earth is made from!" Adrian exclaimed!
DSC_0019"A cow (buy here) lives on land." 

DSC_0018"An octopus belongs in the sea."

Octopus (buy here) can be easily distinguished from other squids because they have eight tentacles. They are called "octopus" because the Greek word "okto" means eight and "puos" means foot. If they feel threatened, they release an ink-like liquid, which spreads in the water like a huge, dark cloud. The octopus can thus disguise the direction of its escape. Did you know that octopus is a master of camouflage because it can instantly change its body color from grey-brown to blue-green, red or pink!

DSC_0018"A seagull is a bird. It flies in the air."

Seagulls (buy here) with their white and grey feathers, long, slim wings and their characteristic loud call are the best known coastal birds. Did you know that seagulls can drink salt water!

Animals live everywhere! They roam the land, they dig burrows in the ground, they swim in the sea, they fly in the air!  They crawl, jump, creep, leap, soar, they dive, and they fly! It is amazing how diverse their habitat is!

For more on animals, see a post "Animals Movement – Swim, Walk, Fly" here and see here "World Animals and its Continental Habitat" post.

For details about matching activities read here a post "Language Objects with Matching Cards."

You Might Also Like


  • Reply Emily October 19, 2017 at 5:26 pm

    Beautiful! Can you tell me where you purchased the photo cards?

  • Reply Anya October 23, 2017 at 10:59 am

    Thank you! I will email you the pdf 🙂 Best wishes, Anya

  • Reply Tuba November 15, 2017 at 5:40 am

    Great job! Can you e-mail the matching cards to me please

  • Reply Anya November 15, 2017 at 11:34 am

    emailed it 🙂

  • Reply Mariah December 18, 2017 at 1:09 am

    These look incredible! Thank you for posting, and providing such a great blog! I love everything you post. May you email me the cop of the matching cards(Land, water, Air) please!

  • Reply Sara White January 5, 2018 at 7:46 am

    This is the most beautiful land, air and water lesson I have seen. Where do you get the picture cards?

  • Reply Anya January 5, 2018 at 2:23 pm

    Thank you! I just email you the pdf. Happy Holidays! Anya

  • Reply Rose January 19, 2018 at 2:13 am

    merci pour votre magnifique blog … pourrais-je avoir votre pdf aussi par mail svp

  • Reply Rose April 11, 2018 at 10:19 am

    this is great! Could you please email me the land, air and water picture cards. Thanks!

  • Reply Heather May 23, 2018 at 7:59 pm

    I just saw your post with these beautiful cards. I would love to use these with my twins. Would it be possible to get a copy of them as well, please?

  • Reply Anya May 24, 2018 at 12:05 am

    Of course, just emailed you 🙂 Anya

  • Reply Diana Ramos March 9, 2022 at 4:43 am

    Hi Anya, can i have the matching cards and pdf by email please. Oh My God this is an amazing job!

  • Reply Meghan March 21, 2023 at 2:41 pm

    Can I get a copy of your matching cards? These are perfect for Science lessons


    Sharing is Caring

    Help spread the word. You're awesome for doing it!

    error: Alert: Content is protected !!