Adrian 2 years Adrian 2 years and a half GEOGRAPHY ๐ŸŒŽ Julia 6 years

๐ŸŽคLearning ๐ŸŒŠOceans with a ๐ŸŽถSongใƒปGeography Activities 101 ๐Ÿ“ฝSeries ๐ŸŽ‡

In a Montessori geography curriculum, you begin with:

STEP 1:  Sandpaper Globe (buy here), which is one of the first geography materials to introduce to your child at around two years of age to explain the difference between land and water. The sandpaper globe is a concrete representation of our earth as a sphere. The land on this globe is raised and is represented by sandpaper, which feels rough to the touch, while water is smooth to the touch. Through this material, the child learns water/ocean and land/continent concepts predominantly through childโ€™s tactile senses. (See Sandpaper Globe presentation post here.)

STEP 2: is to introduce the Painted/Colored Continent Globe (buy here). To transition, show the Sandpaper and Colored globe to a child โ€“ point to the differences in color and texture. Focus on the Colored globe: isolate with both hands just one part (for example a continent such as Europe which is color-coded red, or an ocean) and present a 3-Period Lesson:

  • Period 1: THIS IS -"This piece of red is called a continentโ€ฆ This water has a name โ€“ it is called an ocean. We have continents and we have oceans.โ€
  • Period 2: SHOW ME - โ€œShow me a continent/ocean etc.โ€
  • Period 3: WHAT IS THIS?

To help her brother remember the oceans, Julia (6 years old) made up this ๐ŸŒŠOcean Song:


๐ŸŽค "Oceans, oceans, do you know your oceans? Oceans, oceans all around the world – Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean too. Don't forget the Southern Ocean and don't forget cold Antarctic too."

DSC_0066.JPGJulia then matched the three-part ocean cards.

You may download for your personal use Maps of the World and labels of continents and oceans here, which I purchased from Montessori Print Shop.


Adrian is four years younger than Julia, and her song was put to the test. 


As a result of singing Julia's Ocean Song, Adrian at 33 months learned the names of oceans and their positioning on the globe, and, most importantly, he had a lot of fun in the process.  

DSC_0066.JPGLastly, to reinforce the knowledge, using Montessori Worl Map and ocean labels, I would read the names of oceans to Adrian, and he would match the 3-Part ocean cards on the world map. 

To learn more about STEP 2: Colored Continent Globe presentation, read a post here, which includes a๐Ÿ“ฝvideo of Adrian singing ๐ŸŽค the Continent Song using a Montessori Colored ๐ŸŒˆ Continent ๐ŸŒŽGlobe at 29 months. 

Also, read the "World Continent Puzzle Map" post here, which explains how you would transition from the Earth as a sphere to the way cartographers put Earth on a flat map.

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  • Reply Nganga June 30, 2017 at 7:03 am

    very informative

  • Reply Anya June 30, 2017 at 9:24 am

    Thank you very much ๐Ÿ™‚ Anya


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